what-is-mold-about-mold

What Is Mold / About Mold

 
 
 

MOLDS ARE MICROSCOPIC ORGANISMS FOUND VIRTUALLY EVERYWHERE, INDOORS AND OUTDOORS.

 
Mold is alive, but it is neither a plant nor an animal. Mold is a type of fungus. It is part of a group of living organisms that are very common and serve an important role in the environment. Penicillin, an antibiotic that has saved many lives, is a type of mold, as is yeast.
Mold is formed by microscopic creatures belonging to the Fungi Kingdom. When tiny airborne spores of mold burst, and then land on a favorable surface, they proliferate into visible colonies, and find new favorable surfaces on which to further develop.

 

 

 

 

 

 

FUNGAL GROWTH REQUIRES OXYGEN, ADEQUATE TEMPERATURE, NUTRIENTS AND WATER.

Temperature tolerance:
Thermophiles 35C + human pathogens such as Aspergillus Fumigatus
Mesophiles 18C to 35C
Psychrophiles some fungi grow at 4C or below.

Nutrients:
Paper, wallpaper, wallboard, sugars (fruits, vegetables), fabrics, wood, dust, etc


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HOW DOES MOLD GROW?
 


Mold seeks MOISTURE, WARMTH, and FOOD, and all three conditions are necessary for it to grow. Mold is most likely to find a place to grow in a bathroom, basement or kitchen, but it can grow in other rooms if conditions are favorable. The climate where you live and the living habits in your household can affect the ability of mold to grow.
Mold spores can thrive and reproduce in wet or damp parts of your home: areas that have had flooding or where leakage has occurred in roofs, pipes, or walls, or areas around house plants, especially ones that sometimes are over-watered. In just 48 hours, a moist environment combined with room-temperature conditions and an organic food source can lead to mold growth.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SOME PLACES WHERE MOLD CAN GROW IN YOUR HOME ARE:

  • carpet
  • drapes
  • upholstery
  • leather
  • wood products
  • clothing
  • paper
  • cardboard
  • books
  • rags
  • wallboard
  • basements
  • ceiling tiles
  • ductwork
  • paint

 

 


 

 

HOW DOES MOLD ENTER A HOME?


Mold spreads by creating reproductive cells called spores and sending them into the environment. Mold spores are too small to detect with the naked eye. They are everywhere around us and you cannot avoid being exposed to them.
Mold spores travel in the air and attach to peoples skin, clothing, shoes, shopping bags and belongings. Other ways spores can enter your home invisibly are:
through open doors and windows
through your homes heating, ventilation and air conditioning system
on the fur of a pet
Once spores enter, they can settle onto carpeting or other surfaces inside your home. You cannot keep spores out of your home, but regular home cleaning and maintenance often can prevent mold problems before they arise.

HOW DO I KNOW IF MY ENVIRONMENT HAS MOLD PROBLEMS?


High risk buildings:

1. Near forests, due to high concentration of mold colonies
2. Nearby the sea or a river as the high humidity level raises the development of new colonies.
3. Buildings with poor sun exposure, as the sun is a natural germicide and helps prevent humidity
If you see whitish, greenish, bluish, or even dark spots on the walls or ceiling the place may have mold problems. Eliminate Botrytis Blight Gray Mold
Rooms that accumulate humidity such as bathrooms, kitchens or air conditioning systems usually have problems with mold because fungi develop in high humidity environments.
Rooms with water leakage or infiltrations may have mold infection.
If the mold infection is in closets, check for leakages from water pipes nearby.

CAN MOLD MAKE ME SICK?


High risk buildings:

Yes, Mold can make you sick. In addition to its being an unpleasant odor and sight, mold can cause harmful effects to human health that might turn to allergic infections and toxic reactions.

THE MOST COMMON MOLD ALLERGIC EFFECTS ARE:

Immune suppressed patients are more likely to develop mold infections.Included in such groups we can highlight the danger to patients such are: Mold toxins studies suggest that toxins may be the cause of:

 

  • Nasal congestions and irritation
  • Mucous membrane irritation
  • Allergic reactions Rhinitis and Asthma
  • Sneezing and coughing
  • Throat and eye irritation
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Asthmatic attacks
  • Itching and skin stains
  • HIV positive
  • Organ transplanted
  • Burned
  • Under chemotherapy or radiotherapy;
  • Newborns
  • Elderly
  • Other immune-suppressed patients
  • Pulmonary hemorrhage;
  • Reactions in the immunological system (reducing the ability of the organism to react to diseases);
  • Neurotoxin effects such as fatigue, headaches, memory loss, depression, erratic moods, convulsions and shaking;
  • Potential cancer trigger.

HOW TO CONTROL MOLD?


It is impossible to completely eliminate airborne mold. Specialists warn that living in environments entirely safe from mold spores, bacteria or viruses would not be healthy since our immunological system needs to be active. It is recommended that steps be taken to reduce airborne microorganisms, not complete extermination.

PREVENTION: